When the Electoral College was established the Presidential Electors were to be chosen by the legislatures, or elected by the people in each of the legislative districts.
The electors were chosen to cast their vote for the candidate they believed would best choice to represent the people of the united States.
Many of the first men chosen as electors were men of integrity, who had signed the Declaration of Independence or served in the Continental Congress. They were chosen for their wisdom and their commitment to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution.
After the election of Andrew Jackson the electors began to be chosen on a state-wide basis. Instead of voting their conscience the electors were compelled to vote for the candidate that received the plurality of the popular vote.
These changes promoted democracy and the end of our republican form of government.